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Culture Archaeology Archaeological Sights Settlements Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Prefecture of Rodopi Municipality of Sapes

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Eastern Macedonia and Thrace
Municipality of Avdera
Municipality of Aigiros
Municipality of Alexandroupolis
Municipality of Arrianes
Municipality of Vissa
Municipality of Didimotihos
Municipality of Drama
Municipality of Eleftheres
Municipality of Thasos
Municipality of Iasmos
Municipality of Komotini
Municipality of Maronia
Municipality of Xanthi
Municipality of Samothraki
Municipality of Sapes
Municipality of Sitagres
Municipality of Sosto
Municipality of Topiros
Municipality of Traianoupolis
Municipality of Pheres
Municipality of Philippoi
Municipality of Philira
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Aikaterinh Balla
Source: C.E.T.I.
© Region of Eastern Macedonia and Thrace
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The area of Krovyli – Petrata provides certain evidence on the human presence in Aegean Thrace during the Mid-Paleolithic Age. In the course of superficial survey at the SE valley of Rodopi, the finds revealed that the area to the east of Nestos river was probably inhabited by groups of hunters and gatherers, at least 100,000 years ago, long before the appearance of the first permanent agriculture and farming settlements of the Neolithic Age. According to surveys and observations, the valley appears to have been inhabited by Paleolithic hunter groups during the Pleistocene. These groups lived dispersed in the lakes and the swamps of the area and exploited the flint quarry situated nearby that provided them with row material for the construction of their weapons.

A prehistoric settlement of the Neolithic Age was revealed to the NE of the modern village of Krovyli. The superficial finds include anthropomorphic clay statuettes with engraved and dot decoration (four anthropomorphic and one zoomorphic), stone tools and parts of clay vessels (legs, handles, pottery sherds with engraved or linear decoration) denoting the establishment of an active agricultural settlement, probably of the Neolithic Age.

The architectural sculptures found on the wall revetments of some buildings of the village, which date back to the Early Christian times, bear witness to the continuous habitation of the area from the Prehistoric through, at least, the Byzantine times.