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Home 24 February 2024
Culture Archaeology Monuments Churches Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Prefecture of Kavala Municipality of Philippoi

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Saint Lydia. The first European Christian
Webpage of the Municipality of Philippoi
The Baptistery of Saint Lydia
Webpage of the Municipality of Philippoi
The stained glass of the Baptistery of Saint Lydia
Webpage of the Municipality of Philippoi
Biblical Greece:Philippi
Short history of Philippi, including a referenceto Saint Lydia

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Macedonian Graves
Eastern Macedonia and Thrace
Municipality of Didimotihos
Municipality of Drama
Municipality of Thasos
Municipality of Maronia
Municipality of Samothraki
Municipality of Sosto
Municipality of Pheres
Municipality of Philippoi
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The Baptistery of Saint Lydia

Despoina Skoulariki
Source: C.E.T.I.
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The Baptistery of Saint Lydia was erected in honour of the first Christian in Europe on the shores of Zygaktis river, to the west of the ancient Philippi.
Lydia, a Judish merchant of purple textiles from the city of Thyatira at Lydia, Asia Minor, was baptised Christian and thus became the first person convert to the new religion in Europe. The Orthodox Church honours her as a Saint and as an equal-to-the-apostles, or Isapostolos. A church–baptistery, similar to those surviving in the Early Christian basilicas at Philippi, was raised in her honour at the site where her baptism took place.
The church–baptistery of Saint Lydia of Philippi stands as a modern Christian monument with several Early Christian features. It consists of a courtyard and an interior space. According to tradition, the initiate ceremonies of the Baptism like the catechesis and the confession of the faith were held at the court outside the church, while the mystery of the Baptism was celebrated in the marble, cross-shaped baptismal font that was accessed by staircases and lied in the interior of the church, called the photisterion.
The church–baptistery of Saint Lydia resembles the Basilica of the Museum of Philippi, as they share common decorative features like the stained-glass windows.