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Tourism-Modern Life Touristic Substructure Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Prefecture of Xanthi Municipality of Avdera

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Topics
Political Tourism
Type of Tourism
Executive Subsumption
Means of Transport
Accomodation
Touristic Substructure
Service Supply/allowance
LOCATION
Eastern Macedonia and Thrace
Municipality of Avdera
Municipality of Aigiros
Municipality of Alexandroupolis
Municipality of Arrianes
Municipality of Vistonida
Municipality of Vissa
Municipality of Didimotihos
Municipality of Doxato
Municipality of Drama
Municipality of Eleftheroupolis
Municipality of Eleftheres
Municipality of Thasos
Municipality of Iasmos
Municipality of Kavala
Municipality of Kalabaki
Municipality of Kato Nevrokopi
Municipality of Keramoti
Municipality of Komotini
Municipality of Kyprinos
Municipality of Maronia
Municipality of Metaxades
Municipality of Myki
Municipality of Neo Sidirohori
Municipality of Nikiforos
Municipality of Xanthi
Municipality of Orino
Municipality of Orestiada
Municipality of Orfano
Municipality of Orfeas
Municipality of Pangeo
Municipality of Paranesti
Municipality of Piereon
Municipality of Prosotsani
Municipality of Samothraki
Municipality of Sapes
Municipality of Sitagres
Municipality of Soufli
Municipality of Stavroupolis
Municipality of Sosto
Municipality of Topiros
Municipality of Traianoupolis
Municipality of Trigono
Municipality of Tihero
Municipality of Pheres
Municipality of Philippoi
Municipality of Philira
Municipality of Chrisoupolis
Commune of Amaxades
Commune of Thermes
Commune of Kehros
Commune of Selero
Commune of Sidironero
Prefecture of Drama
Prefecture of Evros
Prefecture of Kavala
Prefecture of Xanthi
Prefecture of Rodopi
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20/02/2007
Tourist Destination Of

Baira Kleio
Source: C.E.T.I.
© Region of Eastern Macedonia-Thrace
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Abdera is located at the south of the Prefecture of Xanthi, a few kilometres from the modern settlement under the same name, between Vistonida lake and the mouth of Nestos river. Its inhabitants are mostly farmers and fishermen.
According to Herodotus, a group of people from Clazomenae in Asia Minor colonized the area and founded Abdera in 650 BC. The city was destroyed by the Thracians and was rebuilt by the Greeks from the city of Teos in Asia Minor, in 543 BC. During the Persian wars, the Persians conquered the area that served as their military base for the following campaign against Greece. It was liberated in 479 BC, when it formed part of the Athenian League and deposited annually ten golden talents into the Fund of Delos. It was conquered by Phillip II of Macedon in 376 BC and afterwards by the Romans in 146 BC. Byzantine sources refer to the city of Abdera with the name of Polystylon.
Abdera developed in a great cultural centre and was the homeland of many illustrious ancient Greeks like Leucippus and Democritus, the founders of the Atomic Theory; the sophist Anaxandrus; the rhetorician Pytagoras; the philosopher Hecataeus; the poet Nicaenetus and the mathematician Bion.
Visitors can see part of the Western wall, a street 74 m long and 6 m wide, and the gate. There are also houses with stone-paved courtyards and mosaic floors. The Acropolis dominated above the sea. Several cist graves and tiled-roof graves were unearthed along with cemeteries, funerary vessels, stone and clay sarcophagi including jewellery, vessels and figurines.
The mid-Byzantine three-aisled basilica is distinguishable in the village as well as the mansion of Pamokntsoglou. The rich collection of finds is also exhibited in the local museum. The village of Abdera is rich in its cultural history.
The Monastery of St Nicolas, under the administration of the historic Monastery of Vatopedi in Mount Athos, is located at Porto Lagos, a rather small, organized port that is also the biggest settlement in the Municipality. The chapel is actually built in the water and connected with the land by a wooden bridge. Tens of visitors visit the place daily as well as the nearby Vistonida lagoon, which is a wetland of great natural importance. It is an earthly paradise and a refuge for herons and other migratory birds.